Liming is one of the important steps in pond preparation and treatment. Most of our pond soil has acidic characteristics which affects the pond hardness and alkalinity. Liming is an application of various acid neutralizing compounds like calcium and magnesium to make the pond environment cleaner & healthier.
Generally Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a toxic gas for aquatic animals. Under anaerobic conditions, some bacteria utilize the uneaten feed and organic matter in the pond bottom and release rotten egg smell H2S gas.
Loose shell syndrome is one of the economically important chronic diseases of shrimp. This is a condition of shrimp where the shell turns into soft and loose covering over the muscles. LSS is formed due to various factors, mainly the poor pond condition and management.
White feces syndrome (WFS) of shrimp refers to the condition where digestive tract malfunctions and feces turns into white. WFS is generally characterized by floating feces white strings on the water surface and they can also be found in the check tray.
EHP infection (Hepatopancreatic microsporidiosis) is one of the serious deadly disease in shrimp farms that cause heavy economic loss. Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) is a microsporidian parasite that replicates within epithelial cells of hepatopancrease which leads to growth problems in cultured